High Force Waterfall
High Force Waterfall is within the North Pennines Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty . River Tees and the waterfall form the historic county boundary between County Durham and the North Riding of Yorkshire.High Force Waterfall on the River Tees, Near the area of Middleton-in-Teesdale, making the journey to see this Waterfall, an amazing scenic trek.
It is believed that it is the highest waterfall in England, at 71 feet (22 m), but others do have a longer fall including : Cautley Spout, in Cumbria‘s Howgill Fells, is almost 590 feet (180 m) amongst a few others.
The River Tees plunges over a precipice (cliff edge which is almost vertical) in two stages. Before the completion of Cow Green Reservoir in the upper Teesdale flooding created two separate falls, but this seldom happens now. In harsh winters the falls would freeze, creating spectacular cathedral-like ice formations.
High Force Waterfall consists of three different types of rock , the upperband is made of whinstone or dolerite, hard igneous rock whch takes time to erode and the lower section is made up of Caroniferous Limestone which is more easily worn away by the waterfall. Between these two layers is a thiner layer of Carboniferous sandstone which is baked hard when it was molten 295 millions years ago. The wearing away of the rock means the waterfall is slowly moving upstream The length of the forge is currently 700 meteres. The whole river divided by one rock pours vast torrents down a perpendicular precipice and the deluging force of the water throws up a foam and misty rain.
Access to the northern bank is via a private footpath for which a fee is charged which is obtained from the Tourist shop and Public House opposite. The southern bank can be reached free-of-charge via a public footpath.
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